Upgrading iocage jails from FreeBSD 10.3 to 11.0 (major upgrade)

Iocage makes upgrading jails quite simple. It can be a little more involved than the host upgrade but not by much.

First on the host server we need to fetch the right version of FreeBSD for iocage to use. This will create the iocage zfs file system structures for upgrading to and building 11.0 jails.

$ sudo iocage fetch 11.0-RELEASE

$ zfs list
NAME                                                              USED  AVAIL  REFER  MOUNTPOINT
pgdata                                                           7.63G   262G    19K  legacy
pgdata/pg94                                                      7.63G   262G  7.63G  /pg94
sys                                                               257G   580G    19K  legacy
sys/ROOT                                                         2.27G   580G    19K  legacy
sys/ROOT/default                                                 2.27G   580G  1.38G  /
sys/home                                                         4.62G   580G  4.60G  /home
sys/iocage                                                       94.2G   580G  24.9G  /iocage
sys/iocage/.defaults                                               28K   580G    19K  /iocage/.defaults
sys/iocage/base                                                  1.35G   580G    19K  /iocage/base
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE                                      655M   580G    19K  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root                                 655M   580G  69.5M  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/bin                             804K   580G   790K  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/bin
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/boot                           1.24M   580G  1.23M  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/boot
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/lib                            5.35M   580G  5.34M  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/lib
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/libexec                         196K   580G   185K  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/libexec
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/rescue                         4.94M   580G  4.93M  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/rescue
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/sbin                           3.81M   580G  3.79M  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/sbin
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr                             569M   580G    21K  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/bin                        48.0M   580G  47.9M  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/bin
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/include                    8.11M   580G  7.94M  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/include
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/lib                        39.7M   580G  39.7M  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/lib
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/lib32                      39.0M   580G  38.9M  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/lib32
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/libdata                     139K   580G   127K  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/libdata
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/libexec                    1.80M   580G  1.75M  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/libexec
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/sbin                       8.08M   580G  8.07M  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/sbin
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/share                      29.9M   580G  29.5M  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/share
sys/iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/src                         394M   580G   389M  /iocage/base/10.3-RELEASE/root/usr/src
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE                                      724M   580G    19K  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root                                 724M   580G  47.2M  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/bin                             824K   580G   824K  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/bin
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/boot                           1.48M   580G  1.48M  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/boot
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/lib                            5.96M   580G  5.96M  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/lib
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/libexec                         192K   580G   192K  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/libexec
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/rescue                         5.75M   580G  5.75M  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/rescue
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/sbin                           3.99M   580G  3.99M  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/sbin
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr                             658M   580G   120K  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/bin                        77.8M   580G  77.8M  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/bin
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/include                    8.08M   580G  8.08M  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/include
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/lib                        48.7M   580G  48.7M  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/lib
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/lib32                      40.8M   580G  40.8M  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/lib32
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/libdata                     129K   580G   129K  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/libdata
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/libexec                    1.91M   580G  1.91M  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/libexec
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/sbin                       8.57M   580G  8.57M  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/sbin
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/share                      38.4M   580G  38.4M  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/share
sys/iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/src                         434M   580G   434M  /iocage/base/11.0-RELEASE/root/usr/src

 

$ sudo iocage upgrade jail01 -r 11.0-RELEASE
* Creating back-out snapshot.
* Upgrading jail.
Looking up update.FreeBSD.org mirrors... 4 mirrors found.
Fetching metadata signature for 10.3-RELEASE from update4.freebsd.org... done.
Fetching metadata index... done.
Fetching 1 metadata patches. done.
Applying metadata patches... done.
Fetching 1 metadata files... done.
Inspecting system... done.

The following components of FreeBSD seem to be installed:
kernel/generic src/src world/base world/doc world/lib32

The following components of FreeBSD do not seem to be installed:
world/games

Does this look reasonable (y/n)? y

Fetching metadata signature for 11.0-RELEASE from update4.freebsd.org... done.
Fetching metadata index... done.
Fetching 1 metadata patches. done.
Applying metadata patches... done.
Fetching 1 metadata files... done.
Inspecting system... done.
Fetching files from 10.3-RELEASE for merging... done.
Preparing to download files... done.
Fetching 45107 patches.....10....20....30.  done.
Applying patches... done.
Fetching 12420 files...

Now we need to upgrade all the packages in the jail.

$ sudo iocage console jail01
$ pkg-static install -f pkg
$ pkg upgrade
Shared object "libssl.so.7" not found, required by "pkg"

Here we have an issue with the old pkg binary which is linking to a version of libssl that no longer exists. To fix this we need to reinstall the pkg binary.

$ pkg-static install -f pkg
pkg-static: Warning: Major OS version upgrade detected.  Running "pkg-static install -f pkg" recommended
Updating FreeBSD repository catalogue...
FreeBSD repository is up-to-date.
All repositories are up-to-date.
New version of pkg detected; it needs to be installed first.
The following 1 package(s) will be affected (of 0 checked):

Installed packages to be UPGRADED:
        pkg: 1.8.8 -> 1.9.4_1

Number of packages to be upgraded: 1

3 MiB to be downloaded.

Proceed with this action? [y/N]: y
[blackbox@mars.com] Fetching pkg-1.9.4_1.txz: 100%    3 MiB   2.9MB/s    00:01
Checking integrity... done (0 conflicting)
[blackbox@mars.com] [1/1] Upgrading pkg from 1.8.8 to 1.9.4_1...
[blackbox@mars.com] [1/1] Extracting pkg-1.9.4_1: 100%
Updating FreeBSD repository catalogue...
FreeBSD repository is up-to-date.
All repositories are up-to-date.
Checking integrity... done (0 conflicting)
The following 1 package(s) will be affected (of 0 checked):

Installed packages to be REINSTALLED:
        pkg-1.9.4_1

Number of packages to be reinstalled: 1

Proceed with this action? [y/N]: y
[1/1] Reinstalling pkg-1.9.4_1...
[1/1] Extracting pkg-1.9.4_1: 100%

Now let’s see if it works.

$ pkg info
alsa-lib-1.1.2                 ALSA compatibility library
ap24-mod_perl2-2.0.9,3         Embeds a Perl interpreter in the Apache server
apache24-2.4.23_1              Version 2.4.x of Apache web server
apr-1.5.2.1.5.4_1              Apache Portability Library
augeas-1.4.0                   Configuration editing tool
...

It works! Let’s continue upgrading the packages..

$ pkg upgrade
Updating FreeBSD repository catalogue...
FreeBSD repository is up-to-date.
All repositories are up-to-date.
Checking for upgrades (324 candidates): 100%
Processing candidates (324 candidates): 100%
The following 353 package(s) will be affected (of 0 checked):

New packages to be INSTALLED:
 readline: 6.3.8
 p5-Sub-Quote: 2.003001
 p5-List-UtilsBy: 0.10
 p5-Math-Random-Secure: 0.06_1
 p5-Any-Moose: 0.26
...

Installed packages to be UPGRADED:
 zsh: 5.2_3 -> 5.3.1
 xproto: 7.0.28 -> 7.0.31
 wget: 1.18 -> 1.18_2
 vim-lite: 8.0.0019_1 -> 8.0.0134_1
...

Installed packages to be REINSTALLED:
 zfs-stats-1.2.2_1 (ABI changed: 'freebsd:10:x86:64' -> 'freebsd:11:x86:64')
 xextproto-7.3.0 (ABI changed: 'freebsd:10:x86:64' -> 'freebsd:11:x86:64')
 unzip-6.0_7 (ABI changed: 'freebsd:10:x86:64' -> 'freebsd:11:x86:64')
 unixODBC-2.3.4 (ABI changed: 'freebsd:10:x86:64' -> 'freebsd:11:x86:64')
...

Number of packages to be installed: 29
Number of packages to be upgraded: 86
Number of packages to be reinstalled: 238

The process will require 46 MiB more space.
203 MiB to be downloaded.

Proceed with this action? [y/N]:
[blackbox@mars.com] Fetching zsh-5.3.1.txz: 100% 4 MiB 4.1MB/s 00:01
[blackbox@mars.com] Fetching zfs-stats-1.2.2_1.txz: 100% 9 KiB 9.5kB/s 00:01
[blackbox@mars.com] Fetching xproto-7.0.31.txz: 100% 59 KiB 60.2kB/s 00:01
[blackbox@mars.com] Fetching xextproto-7.3.0.txz: 100% 21 KiB 21.9kB/s 00:01
[blackbox@mars.com] Fetching wget-1.18_2.txz: 100% 578 KiB 592.2kB/s 00:01
[blackbox@mars.com] Fetching vim-lite-8.0.0134_1.txz: 100% 5 MiB 5.5MB/s 00:01
...

Number of packages to be installed: 29
Number of packages to be upgraded: 85
Number of packages to be reinstalled: 238

The process will require 46 MiB more space.

Proceed with this action? [y/N]:


[blackbox@mars.com] [1/354] Upgrading perl5 from 5.20.3_15 to 5.24.1.r4_1...
[blackbox@mars.com] [1/354] Extracting perl5-5.24.1.r4_1: 100%
[blackbox@mars.com] [2/354] Reinstalling p5-Sub-Install-0.928_1...
[blackbox@mars.com] [2/354] Extracting p5-Sub-Install-0.928_1: 100%
...
[blackbox@mars.com] [54/354] Installing libassuan-2.4.3...
[blackbox@mars.com] [54/354] Extracting libassuan-2.4.3: 100%
[blackbox@mars.com] [55/354] Installing libtasn1-4.9...
[blackbox@mars.com] [55/354] Extracting libtasn1-4.9: 100%
[blackbox@mars.com] [56/354] Installing tpm-emulator-0.7.4_1...
===> Creating groups.
Creating group '_tss' with gid '601'.
===> Creating users
Creating user '_tss' with uid '601'.
pw: user '_tss' disappeared during update
pkg: PRE-INSTALL script failed

Uh oh. Houston we have a problem. No biggie. Just run this to regenerate the passwd file which will fix it.

$ vipw
:w! (to save it)

Now lets finish up the pkg  upgrade.

$ pkg upgrade
Updating FreeBSD repository catalogue...
FreeBSD repository is up-to-date.
All repositories are up-to-date.
Checking for upgrades (273 candidates): 100%
Processing candidates (273 candidates): 100%
Checking integrity... done (1 conflicting)
 - p5-Sub-Quote-2.003001 conflicts with p5-Moo-2.002004 on /usr/local/lib/perl5/site_perl/Sub/Defer.pm
Checking integrity... done (0 conflicting)
The following 298 package(s) will be affected (of 0 checked):

New packages to be INSTALLED:
 readline: 6.3.8
 p5-Sub-Quote: 2.003001
 p5-Math-Random-Secure: 0.06_1
 p5-Any-Moose: 0.26
...

Installed packages to be UPGRADED:
 zsh: 5.2_3 -> 5.3.1
 wget: 1.18 -> 1.18_2
 vim-lite: 8.0.0019_1 -> 8.0.0134_1
...

Installed packages to be REINSTALLED:
 zfs-stats-1.2.2_1 (ABI changed: 'freebsd:10:x86:64' -> 'freebsd:11:x86:64')
 xextproto-7.3.0 (ABI changed: 'freebsd:10:x86:64' -> 'freebsd:11:x86:64')
 unzip-6.0_7 (ABI changed: 'freebsd:10:x86:64' -> 'freebsd:11:x86:64')
 unixODBC-2.3.4 (ABI changed: 'freebsd:10:x86:64' -> 'freebsd:11:x86:64')
 ttcp-1.12_1 (ABI changed: 'freebsd:10:x86:64' -> 'freebsd:11:x86:64')
 tmux-2.3 (ABI changed: 'freebsd:10:x86:64' -> 'freebsd:11:x86:64')
...

Number of packages to be installed: 25
Number of packages to be upgraded: 68
Number of packages to be reinstalled: 205

The process will require 40 MiB more space.

Proceed with this action? [y/N]: y
[eastern01.cello.com] [1/298] Installing tpm-emulator-0.7.4_1...
===> Creating groups.
Using existing group '_tss'.
===> Creating users
Using existing user '_tss'.
[blackbox@mars.com] [1/298] Extracting tpm-emulator-0.7.4_1: 100%
[blackbox@mars.com] [2/298] Deinstalling p5-Moo-2.002004...
[blackbox@mars.com] [2/298] Deleting files for p5-Moo-2.002004: 100%
[blackbox@mars.com] [3/298] Reinstalling xextproto-7.3.0...
...

Finally let’s upgrade any cpan modules we have installed in the jail.

$ cpan-outdated | cpanm
--> Working on I/IB/IBB/Acme-Damn-0.08.tar.gz
Fetching http://www.cpan.org/authors/id/I/IB/IBB/Acme-Damn-0.08.tar.gz ... OK
Configuring Acme-Damn-0.08 ... OK
Building and testing Acme-Damn-0.08 ... OK
Successfully installed Acme-Damn-0.08
--> Working on K/KA/KAZEBURO/Apache-LogFormat-Compiler-0.33.tar.gz
Fetching http://www.cpan.org/authors/id/K/KA/KAZEBURO/Apache-LogFormat-Compiler-0.33.tar.gz ... OK
Configuring Apache-LogFormat-Compiler-0.33 ... OK
Building and testing Apache-LogFormat-Compiler-0.33 ... OK
Successfully installed Apache-LogFormat-Compiler-0.33
--> Working on B/BI/BINGOS/Archive-Tar-2.24.tar.gz
Fetching http://www.cpan.org/authors/id/B/BI/BINGOS/Archive-Tar-2.24.tar.gz ... OK
Configuring Archive-Tar-2.24 ... OK
Building and testing Archive-Tar-2.24 ... OK
Successfully installed Archive-Tar-2.24
...

All done!

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